US CPSC Establishes a New Safety Standard for Expansion Gates and Enclosures

The US Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) has issued a Final Rule that establishes a new safety standard for expansion gates and enclosures for young children.

Published on July 6, 2020, the standard defines:

• Expansion gates – “barrier intended to be erected in an opening, such as a doorway, to prevent the passage of young children, but which can be removed by older persons who are able to operate the locking mechanism”
• Expansion enclosures – “self-supporting barrier intended to completely surround an area or play-space. within which a young child may be confined”

Final Rule 16 CFR 1239 incorporates the latest version of ASTM F1004-19, Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Expansion Gates and Expandable Enclosures, with modifications.

These modifications are:
• Changed the “conspicuous” definition in section 3.1.3
• Added “visual side-pressure indicator” and “side pressure” definitions (sections 3.1.16 and 3.1.17)
• Added section 6.8, performance requirements for visual side-pressure indicators
• Changed section, horizontal push-out test procedure
• Changed Note 11 regarding “address” verbiage in section 8.5
• Excluded section 8.5.3, requirement regarding wall cups or other hardware to meet section 6.3.1 requirements
• Added section 8.5.8, warning statement requirements for pressure-mounted gates that provide wall cups or other mounting hardware to meet section 6.3 requirements
• Added section 9.5, instructional literature requirements for pressure-mounted gates with visual side-pressure indicators
• Added section X1.2.5.4, rationale for visual side-pressure indicators requirement in 6.8

The new safety standards for expansion gates and expandable enclosures will come into effect on July 6, 2021.

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