Toy Materials Must Conform to Stricter EU Aluminum Migration Limits

The European Union (EU) has published Directive (EU) 2019/1922, which strengthens the aluminum migration limits in all three categories of toy material.

The three categories of toy material are:
• Category I – dry, brittle, powder like or pliable. For example:
o Chalk, compressed paint tablets, crayons, plaster of Paris, magic sand, modelling compounds and plasticine
o Oven hardened PVC modelling compounds and bouncing putties
• Category II – liquid or sticky. For example, bubble solutions, finger paints, liquid adhesives, poster paints and slimes
• Category III – scraped-off. For example:
o Ceramics, glass, metals and metal alloys, textiles and wood
o Elastomers, leatherettes, polymers and surface coating materials
o Other materials such as bones, leather and natural sponges

Since first being published in June 2009, EU Directive 2009/48/EC, commonly known as the Toy Safety Directive (TSD), has had several revisions to its migration limits, for barium, cadmium and lead. There has also been a revision for chromium (VI) in category III toy materials (effective from November 18, 2019).

Directive (EU) 2019/1922 significantly strengthens the migration limits for aluminum.
• Category I: 5,625 mg/kg becomes 2,250 mg/kg
• Category II: 1,406 mg/kg becomes 560 mg/kg
• Category III: 70,000 mg/kg becomes 28,130 mg/kg

The current TSD migration limits for aluminum will remain in force until May 20, 2021. After that date, the new limits must be respected.

Stakeholders should be aware that, currently, EN 71-3:2019 (migration of certain elements) does not conform to the new limits and will need to be amended before they are enforced.

SGS EU Toy Directive Services
SGS offers a wide range of services to ensure that products comply with the EU Toy Safety Directive. They offer training, safety/risk assessment, technical documentation check, labelling review, testing according to harmonized standards, SVHC screening, inspections and audits. They have the world’s largest network of toy experts and testing facilities, including around 20 toy laboratories and three 3 EU Notified Bodies (France, Germany and Netherlands). Learn more about SGS’s EU Toy Directive Services. [www.sgs.com/en/Consumer-Goods-Retail/Toys-and-Juvenile-Products/Toys/EU-Toy-Directive.aspx]

SGS SafeGuardS keep you up to date with the latest news and developments in the consumer goods industry. Read the full EU Strengthens Aluminum Migration Limits in Toys SafeGuardS. [www.sgs.com/en/news/2019/11/safeguards-16619-eu-strengthens-aluminum-migration-limits-in-toys]

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For further information contact:

HingWo Tsang
Global Information and Innovation Manager
Tel: (+852) 2774 7420
Email: crs.media@sgs.com
Website: www.sgs.com/hardlines
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