ELD Mandate Exemptions

According to a study by the FMCSA or the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration in 2014, the introduction of ELD devices could prevent approximately 1714 crashes, 522 injuries and 24 deaths every year. The FMCSA has also reported that 4400 large buses and trucks were involved in deadly crashes in 2016. These numbers show the alarming number of casualties that happen each year due to motor accidents. It was perhaps keeping this high casualty rate in mind that the FMCSA introduced the mandate that requires a digital calculation of a driver’s hours of service.

Before delving into the exemptions of the ELD Mandate, let us first understand what an ELD device is and why it is required.

ELD or Electronic Logging Device (also called E-log) monitors a truck’s engine and records the hours it has driven. The FMCSA has made it mandatory for almost all commercial vehicles who cross state lines to have an ELD device installed so that the HOS or Hours of Service can be accurately calculated. Having an ELD device in a truck saves drivers time and effort from keeping manual paper logs. There are some who argue that ELD devices aren’t a perfect solution and also create very rigid requirements that may not work for every truck driver. Regardless, they are a legal requirement for almost all long-haul truck drivers, the exemptions of which will be discussed in this article. But first: